The 1987 constitution of the republic

No law impairing the obligation of contracts shall be passed. No decision shall be rendered by any court without expressing therein clearly and distinctly the facts and the law on which it is based. If he approves the same he shall sign it; otherwise, he shall veto it and return the same with his objections to the House where it originated, which shall enter the objections at large in its Journal and proceed to reconsider it.

Also, Article 9 1 of the Public Service Elections act regulates that Public servants or any other person including any organization or organization that is required to be in a political neutrality shall not engage in any unfair influence on the election or otherwise act on the election results.

If the Congress, within ten days after receipt of the last written declaration, or, if not in session, within twelve days after it is required to assemble, determines by a two-thirds vote of both Houses, voting separately, that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice-President shall act as the President; otherwise, the President shall continue exercising the powers and duties of his office.

It may exercise such other functions and duties as the Supreme Court may assign to it. The form, content, and manner of preparation of the budget shall be prescribed by law. It shall strengthen the merit and rewards system, integrate all human resources development programs for all levels and ranks, and institutionalize a management climate conducive to public accountability.

Exchange between Robert E. The Act made no provision whatsoever for an eventual extension of the right to vote to all adult citizens regardless of race - a serious flaw which was perpetuated by successive South African governments.

Constitution of South Korea

Regional seats are allocated among the nine South African provinces in proportion to their electorates. However, the State shall protect Filipino enterprises against unfair foreign competition and trade practices.

Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of the service for the full term for which he was elected. In the government repealed the reservation of skilled jobs for whites, and legalized black trade unions, thus giving blacks the right to strike.

To make a donation recruitment, or to use public funds 5. All powers, functions, and responsibilities not granted by this Constitution or by law to the autonomous regions shall be vested in the National Government. They shall not receive during their tenure any other emolument from the Government or any other source.

The Republic of Korea gives preference to the old imperial family. The President shall address the Congress at the opening of its regular session.

Whether by fear, dishonesty, or conviction, those prominent Republicans -- including Newt Gingrich or George W. Appointment to any vacancy shall be only for the unexpired portion of the term of the predecessor.

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan

The Bantu Authorities Act of provided for the establishment of government-appointed tribal, regional and territorial Bantu Authorities in the Native Reserves and abolished the Natives Representative Council. Political neutrality[ edit ] Political neutrality is a constitutional convention which provides that public servants should avoid activities likely to impair, or seem to impair, their political impartiality or the political impartiality of the public service.

The term of office of elective local officials, except barangay officials, which shall be determined by law, shall be three years and no such official shall serve for more than three consecutive terms.

To make an invitation to vote or not 2. The Senate and the House of Representatives shall each have an Electoral Tribunal which shall be the sole judge of all contests relating to the election, returns, and qualifications of their respective Members.

Pray, preside, or recommend the signatory movement. The State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men.

The Office of the Ombudsman shall enjoy fiscal autonomy. No person shall be twice put in jeopardy of punishment for the same offense. A state of martial law does not suspend the operation of the Constitution, nor supplant the functioning of the civil courts or legislative assemblies, nor authorize the conferment of jurisdiction on military courts and agencies over civilians where civil courts are able to function, nor automatically suspend the privilege of the writ.

The term of office of the Senators shall be six years and shall commence, unless otherwise provided by law, at noon on the thirtieth day of June next following their election.


Citizens of the Philippines who marry aliens shall retain their citizenship, unless by their act or omission they are deemed, under the law, to have renounced it.

In case of serious illness of the President, the public shall be informed of the state of his health. The right of the people, including those employed in the public and private sectors, to form unions, associations, or societies for purposes not contrary to law shall not be abridged.

Legislative bodies of local governments shall have sectoral representation as may be prescribed by law. Article 1 [ edit ] Paragraph 1 stipulates the judgment of the Constitutional Court. The suspension of the privilege of the writ shall apply only to persons judicially charged for rebellion or offenses inherent in or directly connected with the invasion.

Those detained or arrested must be informed of the reason and of their right to an attorney, and family members must be informed. The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas or Konstitusyon ng Pilipinas) is the constitution or supreme law of the Republic of the final draft was completed by the Constitutional Commission on October 12, and was ratified by a nationwide plebiscite on February 2, Three other constitutions have effectively governed the country in its.

The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas.

The government of the Republic of Korea was launched on August 15, Three months earlier, the first members () of the National Assembly had been elected in the country’s first general election held under UN supervision.

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of the Republic of Korea; Constitution.

Constitution of the Philippines

Full text of the Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines. Published on the World Wide Web by The Law Firm of Chan Robles and Associates - Philippines. The Great Republic: Presidents and States of the United States of America, and Comments on American History. Taking everything together then, I declare that our city is the School [or "Education"] of Greece [, tês Helládos Paídeusis], and I declare that in my opinion each single one of our citizens, in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to show himself the rightful lord and owner of.

The 1987 constitution of the republic
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